Department of Public Law  - Undergraduate Courses

LWPU 101:    Legal Methods
1.         Law in Social Context:
(a)        Nature and functions of law in society; law, order and justice:  Law and freedom; law and the state; law and legitimacy; law and sovereignty.
(b)        Aspects of law types of law-eternal law, divine law, natural law and human or positive law; classification of law; common law and civil law;  common law and equity, public and private law, civil and criminal law, substantive and procedural law, written and unwritten law.
(c)        Methods of Social Control through Law – panel method; grievance remedial method; private arranging method; constitutive method, administrative regulatory method; fiscal method; conferral or social benefits method.
2.         Legal reasoning and approach to problems language of the law; principles, standards and issues in law; formality and precision in the use of language and distinctiveness of legal language; legal rhetoric and legal logic; legal reasoning and practical reasoning; legalism.
3.         Legal reasoning in judicial, processes sifting of facts and law in courts; ratio decided; precedents.
4.         Legal reasoning in legislation legislative proposals; legislative drafting; ambiguity, vagueness, open texture.  Semantics in law; legislative process; construction of status; types of legislation; codification of laws.

LWPU 102 – Legal Method
1.         Sources of Law, primary sources: statutory materials and judicial materials; secondary source; books and pamphlets, letters, speeches, interviews, periodicals and newspapers; foreign materials.
2.         Use of source materials law library and legal research, indexing and identification of library materials, cases and citation of cases and reports; identification of issues, principles, rules, authoritative elements in books and judicial opinions; analysis and note taking; use of authorities in legal argument and legal writing.
3.         Legal writing methods and approaches in essay writing; styles; analysis of social and legal issues and application of legal rules; division of topics into chapters, sections and subsections.

LWPU 201 – Constitutional Law
1.         Definition and sources of constitutional law classification of the constitutions: written and unwritten, rigid and flexible, federal and unitary, presidential and parliamentary.
2.         The concepts of separation of powers, rule of law federalism, supremacy of the constitution/parliament.  The legal consequences of the change of government by extra-constitutional means (e.g. coup d’état).
3.         Constitutional history of Nigeria from the advent of British rule up-to-date.

LWPU 202 – Constitutional Law
1.         The Military and Constitution making in Nigeria
(a)        Law Making by the Military
(b)        The Judiciary under the Military
(c)        The Executive under the Military
(d)       The Military and the search for constitutional and political order.

LWPU 203 – Nigerian Legal System

  •    The ideal of a legal system
  •    Nature and function of law
  •    Classification of law.

Sources of Nigeria Law

  • Legislation; judicial precedents; case law; Islamic law; English common law and doctrine of Equity. 
  • Reception and application of English law in Nigeria.

LWPU 204 – Nigerian Legal System 
(i)         Internal Conflicts
(a)        Different Customary Laws/Islamic Laws
(b)        English Law and Customary Law
(c)        English Law and Islamic Law.
(ii)        Judicial Institutions

  •      The role of the judiciary
  •      The History and Development of the Courts.

(iii)       Types and Jurisdiction of Courts

  •      Customary and Area Courts
  •      Magistrate and District Courts
  •      Court of Record
  •      Special Courts
  •      Sharia Court of Appeal
  •      Customary Court of Appeal

Tribunals (excluding Commissions of Inquiry)
(iv)       Judicial Personnel Appointment and Tenure
(v)        Outline of Civil and Criminal Procedure in Nigeria
(vi)       Legal Aid and Advice

  • Development and future of Law in Nigeria
  • The Organization of Legal Education and Legal Profession in Nigeria.

LWPU 301 – Criminal Law

  • General Introduction and Purpose of Criminal Law
  • The content of Crime
  • History and Sources of Nigerian Criminal Law
  • The elements of an offence
  • Classification of Offences
  • General Principles of Criminal Responsibility
  • Parties of an offence
  • Offences against the person.

LWPU 302 – Criminal Law
(a)        Offences against property
(b)        Offences against the State and against Public Order
(c)        Offences of corruption
(d)       The police and the administration of criminal justice
(e)        Theories and type of punishment
(f)        General Principles of sentencing.

LWPU 405 – Law of Evidence and Procedure
(a)        General Introduction
(b)        Source of Nigerian Law of Evidence
(c)        Direct and Circumstantial Evidence
(d)       Facts in Issue and Relevant Facts
(e)        Complaints
(f)        Similar fact Evidence, Res Gestae.

LWPU 406 – Law of Evidence and Procedure
(a)        Character Evidence
(b)        Opinion Evidence
(c)        Hearsay Evidence
(d)       Estoppels, Competence and Compellability of witnesses
(e)        Privilege Generally
(f)        Corroboration
(g)        Burden of Proof
(h)        Documentary Evidence.

LWPU 501 – Jurisprudence and Legal Theory
The purpose of the study of law and Jurisprudence:  Nature, Definition and Scope of Jurisprudence:  Meaning and Functions of Law.  The relation of Law to:

  •    Justice
  •    Morality
  •    Religion

Law and Social Change:  Ethics
The relation of the above concepts to Islamic and Customary Law.
Sources of Law
Legislation, Customs and Judicial precedents.Nature, ascertainment, applicability and the role of these courses in contemporary and early society.
Analysis of Fundamental Legal Concepts
Rights.  Duties Liability, Ownership, Possession, Personality, Liberty.

LWPU 502 – Jurisprudence and Legal Theory
Theories of Law
(a)        Natural Law School
(b)        Historical School
(c)        Positivist theory
(d)       Sociological theory
(e)        Pure theory of Law
(f)        Marxist theory of Law
(g)        Indigenous Theories of Concepts of Law Islamic School of Law
(h)        Maliki School and concepts of customary Law
(i)         Law Reform
(j)         Codification, restatement, adaptation and unification of customary law.

  • LWPU 503: Administrative Law
  • Nature, Scope and Sources of Administrative, agencies and procedure, Relationship between Administrative Law, the Rule of Law and Separation of powers and Delegation of powers.  Delegated legislation; its nature, forms, making and control thereof.
  • LWPU 504 – Administrative Law
  • Administrative and adjudication, powers of administration-administrative invasions of tribunals of the peoples’ legal right and delegations tribunals and inquiries.
  • Judicial Control of administrative and judicial power of administration-
  • (a)     Ground of Judicial review e.g. Ultra Vires, natural justice and error of law.
  • (b)     Remedies e.g. certiorari, p[prohibition, mandamus, declaration, injunction,
  • habeas corpus, damages, appeal, ombudsman.
  • (c)     Action by against the State.  Corporations including local government
  • councils.
  • LWPU 505 – Labour Law or Industrial Law
  • (a)      Introduction Nature History Sources Scope
  • (b)     Contract of Employment Definition, formation, parties – young persons,
  • apprentices, women.
  • (c)      Employees, duties, good faith, Accountability, confidentially, restraint of
  • trade.
  • (d)      Termination of Contract of Employment - Performance Agreement Notice –
  •            Summary dismissal Repudiation Remedies for wrongful dismissal.
  • (e)      Safety at work; employer’s duty of care – Various liability – Factory’s Act
  •            Workmen's Compensation Act Reform.
  • LWPU 506 – Labour Law and Industrial Law
  • (a)      Collective Bargaining and collective agreement framework Nature
  •            Legislation.
  • (b)      Trade Unions; Formation, rights, obligations, criminal liability, civil liability.
  • (c)      Agencies I.A.P., - N.I.C.,  -p P.P.I.B,  - Industrial Training Fund.
  • (d)     Industrial Law and Economic Development.
  • LWPU 509 – Public International Law
  • General Introduction:
  • History and Sources:  International and Municipal Law Subjects of the Law of Nations.
  •      States, Nature and classification recognition of State, governments and 
  • belligerents de jure and de facto.
  •      State succession
  •      Territory, Acquisition and loss.
  • Individuals
  • Nationality and domicile.  Human rights and fundamental freedoms.
  • Diplomatic Representation:  Status and functions of diplomatic envoys and consuls; privileges and immunities; Diplomatic missions of international organization.  State responsibility and conditions of basic international claims.
  • LWPU 510 – Public International Law                                                                                         

State Jurisdiction
Territorial waters and airspace, international servitudes and waterways.International Agreement; Nature, entry into force, ratification, reservations, interpretation and discharge.

International Organizations
(a)        The United Nations and its charter specialized agencies; Disputes, Pacific and non-pacific methods of settlement.
(b)        The Organization of African Unity
(c)        ECOWAS.

War and Neutrality

  • Position of belligerent forces and civilians in way.
  • The Hague and Geneva Conventions
  • Economic warfare on land, sea and in the air.
  • Effect of outbreak of way, persons, actions, contracts, treaties.
  • The legal capacity to use forces States, recognized belligerents and U.N.
  • The legal claims to make war and U.N. Charter obligations.
  • Position of neutrals
  • Punishment of war crimes Nuremberg Trials.


  • Definition and objectives of criminology
  • Theory of crime
  • Classical
  • Neoclassical
  • Positivist
  • Sociological
  • Psychological
  • radical
  • Crime typology
  • Legal based typology
  • Police based typology
  • Situation based typology
  • Ethology of crime
  • Meaning of crime
  • Causes of crimes
  • Crime in Nigeria.
  • Classification
  • Specific crime
  • Transactional crime
  • Human trafficking
  • Money laundering
  • Corruption
  • Terrorism etc
  • Social effects of crime and finding lasting solutions to crime


  • Meaning of punishment
  • Historical overview of punishment
  • Theories of punishment
  • Retribution
  • Deterrence
  • Rehabilitation
  • Reformation
  • Incapacitation
  • restitution
  • The Criminal Justice system
  • The police
  • The courts
  • The prisons
  • The Victims of crime
  • Corrections

Institutional – Imprisonment Borstal
Non-institutional – fine, canning, death

  • New Penology – parole, probation, community service
  • Juvenile justice
  • Mitigation of punishment
  • Social considerations in punishment


  • Nature and scope of Administrative Law
  • Meaning of administration law
  • Distinction between administrate and constitutional law
  • Characteristics of administrative law
  • Sources of Administrative law
  • Receive English law
  • Constitution
  • Nigerian legislation
  • Delegated/subsidiary legislation
  • Bye-law
  • Law reports
  • Judicial precedent
  • Justice work/textbooks
  • Administrative memorandum
  • Supremacy of Constitution
  • Meaning of Supremacy of Constitution
  • Rationale for having constitution
  • Supremacy under the 1999 Constitution
  • Supremacy under Military rule
  • Separation of powers
  • Meaning of Separation of Power
  • History of and Evaluation of Separation of power
  • Application of Separation of powers under the 1999 Constitution
  • Importance of Separation of powers
  • Concept of Federalism
  • Meaning of Federalism
  • History of Federalism
  • Factors militating for adoption of federalism
  • Application of federalism under the 1999Constitution
  • Rule of Law
  • History of Rule of law
  • Meaning of rule of law
  • Application of rule of law
  • Limitation of rule of law


  • Delegated Legislations/Powers
  • Evolution and meaning of delegated legislation and power
  • Rationale for delegated legislation/powers
  • Forms of delegated legislations
  • Advantages and disadvantages of delegated legislations
  • Control of delegated legislations
  • Judicial Review of Administrative Action
  • Meaning of judicial review
  • Methods of judicial review
  • Doctrine of Ultravires
  • Meaning of ultravires
  • Classification of ultravires
  • Prerogative Remedies
  • Types of prerogative remedies
  • Habeas Corpus
  • Certiorari
  • Prohibition
  • Mandamus
  • Quo warranto
  • Injunction
  • Declaration
  • Administrative Tribunals
  • Meaning and origin of tribunals
  • Classification of tribunal
  • Code of Conduct Bureau and Public Complaint Commission
  • Establishment
  • Composition
  • Objectives and functions
  • Professional Bodies
  • Chartered Institute of Administrators
  • Institute of chartered Secretaries and administrators
  • Institute of Personnel Management of Nigeria (IPMAN).